Asphalt is a material that is widely used in construction of roads. It
is obtained by petroleum processing and is brown to black in color.
Bulldozer is a heavy driver operated machine used for grading and
clearing lands. It is fitted with dozer blade and is usually mounted on
Crawler is a track on which vehicles are mounted. Crawler helps the
vehicle to operate in tough geographical condition.
Conveyor belts are the belts that are used for moving industrial and
agricultural products. It consists of two pulleys with continuous loop
of materials that rotates about them.
used for reducing the size of the waste materials through compaction is
called as compactors. There are different types of compactors like soil
compactors, asphalt compactors, plate compactors, vibratory plate
Dumper is a small vehicle usually diesel powered usually used to carry
heavy materials to various construction sites like roads, buildings,
Earth Moving Machines
Earth moving machines are those heavy and light machines that are used
for various civil engineering and construction projects. The popular
earth moving machines are excavators, loaders, cranes, bulldozers etc.
Excavators are multi usage vehicles that are used for excavating,
digging, loading of materials and small demolition. It has a replaceable
buckets which can be replaced by auger, grapples, breakers and are
generally mounted on the track.
Fork lift is an industrial vehicle which is mainly applied for lifting
and moving materials through steel forks which is inserted under the
loads. Forklift moves the loads which are stored on pallets.
Gantry cranes are heavy machines that are used for moving heavy loads.
Gantry cranes can be of different types like single girder, double
girder, double leg, single leg, and cantilever styles for indoor or
A girder is a horizontal structure that are aligned in such a fashion
as to support vertical loads.
Hoist is a device normally attached with cranes and is used for raising
and lowering of heavy or complex objects. Normally it is attached with
Loaders are those machines which are either mounted on wheel or track
and use a wide tilting bucket on the end of movable arms to lift and
Material Handling Machines
Machines used for transporting and storage of materials both within the
jobsite and outside, is called as material handler. The popular examples
of material handlers are cranes, trucks, loaders, dumpers, etc.
Scrapers are those mechanical equipments which are used for digging,
excavating and hauling of materials.
A temporary framework which is used to support people and material for
the construction of large structures is called as scaffolding. It is
either made up of metal pipes or bamboo. It helps the workers to gain
access to high levels safely.
Trenchers are the machines which are responsible for digging trenches.
With attachments like backhoes, saws and reel carriers, trenchers are
responsible for landscaping, irrigation, plumbing and underground
utility construction etc.